Do You Need Union Membership to Protect You From Lawsuits?
This article is part of Free to Teach’s “Knowing Your Rights and Union Alternatives” booklet, which is available in its entirety here.
1. WHAT IS PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY INSURANCE, AND HOW DOES IT WORK?
From your first day of teaching, a colleague likely pulled you aside and told you, “You need employment protection—no teacher can work without it.”
Certainly, the list of things that could go wrong on school grounds—and leave a teacher liable—is varied. A student could get hurt on a field trip, or break a bone during gym class. Another student might falsely accusea teacher of inappropriate touching or advances, or not meeting special education needs. Such lawsuits can be career kryptonite for educators, but professional liability insurance offers protection by covering the court costs needed to defend a teacher and, if necessary, any damages.
Liability protection for teachers begins with state law.generally provides school districts “sovereign immunity” against costs on account of any injury to a person or damage to property. However, , which would include events such as injury caused by dilapidated school buildings and damages caused by a school-owned bus. In these cases, the law requires districts to defend and protect teachers acting within their job description.
School districts also purchase General Liability coverage to protect teachers for actions performed in their scope of duties. For example, the approximately 40 Pennsylvania school districts insured by, a major insurance provider for schools, offer coverage for bodily injury including corporal punishment, property damage, libel, slander, invasion of privacy, and sexual abuse, according to Willis Executive Vice President Reid Sandner.
According to education law expert, school district General Liability policies are fairly standardized, and nearly all districts carry Errors & Omission policies, which vary. Errors & Omissions coverage provides for wrongful acts such as neglect, misleading statements or omission, and civil rights claims such as discrimination, employment-related claims, and failure to educate. Most district plans also cover legal fees associated with legal claims against teachers. Check with your local district for specific coverage information.
2. UNION PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY INSURANCE PROVIDED TO MEMBERS IS REDUNDANT AND LARGELY UNNECESSARY.
Generally, only teachers who commit crimes will need the union’s additional liability insurance. NEA coverage provides $1 million in coverage per occurrence, per member. It costs the union $10.7 million a year, or just $3.63 per eligible member.
Even the NEA acknowledges its $1 million liability policy is excess coverage in its certificate of insurance: “This policy is specifically excess over coverage provided by school district or school board errors and omissions or general liability policies purchased by the insured’s employer. . .”
NEA’s education liability policy reimburses for criminal proceedings (a teacher would have to fund their defense up front) up to $35,000, but only if he or she is exonerated. The policy also offers up to $1,000 for bail bond.
3. MOST EDUCATORS WILL NEVER NEED ADDITIONAL UNION LIABILITY INSURANCE.
Teachers should not worry about losing NEA coverage because of the many protections already afforded to teachers by the school district and most states, according to the. The only extra protection afforded to teachers through the NEA is reimbursement for court costs in a criminal proceeding. Even then, a district may defend the teacher since the district may be liable for costs if the teacher is found guilty.
Generally speaking, few teachers will need additional, personal liability insurance. Even so, the liability insurance provided under non-union associations such as the union dues.and the offer double the coverage: $2 million per member, per occurrence for $16.50-$33 per month compared to at least $59 per month in PSEA-NEA